Patron

St Peters - Mt Pritchard

St Peter 4

From our begining, in early 1952 until 1961, our parish was known as St Peters Mt Pritchard. However when the foundation stone for our first church was laid by Bishop Thomas Muldoon in December of 1961, he announced that from that day on it would be known as the Parish of Our Lady of Mt Carmel.

Our Lady of Mt Carmel - Mt Pritchard

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Our Lady of Mount Carmel is the title given to the Blessed Virgin Mary in her role as patroness of the Carmelite Order. The first Carmelites were Christian hermits living on Mount Carmel in the Holy Land during the late 12th and early to mid 13th centuries. They built a chapel in the midst of their hermitages which they dedicated to the Blessed Virgin, whom they conceived of in chivalric terms as the "Lady of the place."

History

In the North of Palestine, near the border of Lebanon is the modern port and city of Haifa, situated in the bay of Acre. Directly behind the city and to the south the terrain rises sharply to a high hill less than 2000ft above sea level. This hill is called Mt. CARMEL (in Hebrew it means "ORCHARD"), and is a promontory which terminates the central range of Palestine. Going back to the end of the ninth century before Christ, Mt. Carmel was the scene of the ordeal with Elijah the prophet with the priests of Baal (1 Kings 18, 19) and was at least an occasional residence of the prophet Elisha (2 Kings 2:25, 4:25).

About 500 AD a church was built there together with a monastery founded by Greek monks. Around 1154 St. Berthold โ€“ at the same site โ€“ founded a group of monks to be called the 'ORDER OF OUR LADY OF MT CARMEL', which claims continuity with the earlier hermits' extreme asceticism, absolute poverty, chastity and solitude. The order placed itself under the patronage of Mary, the Mother of God, who treasured all these things and pondered them in her heart' (Lk 2:19).

As with Mary, prayer was to be integral part of their lifestyle. A branch of this order, the Carmelite Sisters was founded in 1452. In the Middle Ages, Carmelite theologians were among the earliest defenders of Mary's Immaculate Conception.

Between May and October 1917, Our Lady appeared six times to three children, Lucy,
Francesco and Jacinta at Fatima in Portugal. Her message was simple. We need to pray and to amend our lives. On her last appearance, Mary was not garbed in the usual white, but in the Habit of the Order of Our Lady of Mt. Carmel. Symbolically, she endorsed the rule of the Order...to pray constantly. Although Francesco died two years later in 1919, and Jacinta three years later in 1920, both of respiratory diseases, Lucy eventually joined the Order. Sister Lucia de Jesus dos Santos was one of three schoolgirls who claimed to have been visited by Our Lady several times in 1917.

Sr Lucia died on Sunday13th February 2005, aged 97, at her Carmelite convent in Coimbra, 100 miles north of Lisbon, after a three-month illness. She is to be buried at the convent today and her remains will be transferred in a year to nearby Fatima, scene of the apparitions. The apparitions took place on the 13th day of each month in Fatima from May 1917 until October.

The Generalate of the Carmelite Order of men is in Rome. The Order has many members in the United States. The Blessed Virgin Mary is also the Patroness of Chile under the Title of 'Our Lady of Mt. Carmel'.

Some of the greatest Saints of the Church were Carmelites: St. Simon Stock, to whom our Lady appeared encouraging the faithful wearing of the Brown Scapular; some of the greatest of Christian mystics โ€“ St. Teresa of Avila, St. Jon of the Cross, St. Mary Magdalen of Pazzi and the popular Saint of our time, St. Teresa of Lisieux, affectionately called 'The Littler Flower'.

The Scapular of Our Lady of Mt Carmel

Since the 15th century, popular devotion to Our Lady of Mount Carmel has centered on the Scapular of Our Lady of Mount Carmel also known as the Brown Scapular, a sacramental associated with promises of Mary's special aid for the salvation of the devoted wearer. Traditionally, Mary is said to have given the Scapular to an early Carmelite named Saint Simon Stock. A tradition first attested to in the late 14th century says that Saint Simon Stock, an early prior general of the Carmelite Order, had a vision of the Blessed Virgin Mary in which she gave him the Brown Scapular which formed part of the Carmelite habit, promising that those who died wearing the scapular would be saved.

Scapular

Feast of Our Lady of Mt Carmel

The liturgical feast of Our Lady of Mount Carmel is celebrated on 16 July. The solemn liturgical feast of Our Lady of Mount Carmel was probably first celebrated in England in the later part of the 14th century. Its object was thanksgiving to Mary, the patroness of the Carmelite Order, for the benefits she had accorded to it through its rocky early existence. The institution of the feast may have come in the wake of the vindication of their title "Brothers of the Blessed Virgin Mary" at Cambridge, England in 1374.

The date chosen was 17 July; on the European mainland this date conflicted with the feast of St. Alexis, necessitating a shift to 16 July, which remains the Feast of Our Lady of Mount Carmel throughout the Catholic Church. The Latin poem Flos Carmeli (meaning "Flower of Carmel") first appears as the sequence for this Mass.

The Feast of Our Lady of Mount Carmel is known to many Catholic faithful as the "scapular feast," associated with the Brown Scapular of Our Lady of Mount Carmel, a devotional sacramental signifiying the wearer's consecration to Mary and affiliation with the Carmelite Order. That there should be a connection in people's minds between the scapular, the widely popular devotion originating with the Carmelites, and this central Carmelite feast day, is surely not unnatural or unreasonable. But the liturgical feast of Our Lady of Mount Carmel did not originally have a specific association with the Brown Scapular or the tradition of a vision of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

In 1642, a Carmelite named Fr. John Cheron, responding to scholarly criticism that Saint Simon Stock's vision may not have historically occurred (these doubts are echoed by historians today), published a document which he said was a letter written in the 13th century by Saint Simon Stock's secretary, "Peter Swanington". Historians conclude that this letter was forged, likely by Cheron himself. It was nevertheless uncritically embraced by many promoters of the scapular devotion. The forged document's claim of 16 July 1251 as the date of the vision (16 July being the date of the Feast of Our Lady of Mount Carmel) subsequently led to a strong association between this feast day, and the scapular devotion, and in the intervening years until the late 1970s, this association with the scapular was also reflected in the liturgy for that day. The Feast of Our Lady of Mount Carmel as well as that of Saint Simon Stock came under scrutiny after Vatican II due to historical uncertainties, and today neither of these liturgies, even in the Carmelite proper, make reference to the scapular.

Carmelite devotion to Mary

The Carmelites see in the Blessed Virgin Mary a perfect model of the interior life of prayer and contemplation to which Carmelites aspire, a model of virtue, as well as the person who was closest in life to Jesus Christ. She is seen as the one who points Christians most surely to Christ, saying to all what she says to the servants at the wedding at Cana, "Do whatever he [Jesus] tells you." Carmelites look to Mary as both a Spiritual Mother and Sister in Christ. The Stella Maris Monastery on Mount Carmel, named after a traditional title of the Blessed Virgin Mary, is considered the spiritual headquarters of the order.

Fr. Gabriel of St. Mary Magdalene de' Pazzi, OCD, a revered authority on Carmelite Spirituality, wrote that devotion to Our Lady of Mount Carmel means:

a special call to the interior life, which is preeminently a Marian life. Our Lady wants us to resemble her not only in our outward vesture but, far more, in heart and spirit. If we gaze into Mary's soul, we shall see that grace in her has flowered into a spiritual life of incalcuable wealth: a life of recollection, prayer, uninterrupted oblation to God, continual contact, and intimate union with him. Mary's soul is a sanctuary reserved for God alone, where no human creature has ever left its trace, where love and zeal for the glory of God and the salvation of mankind reign supreme. [...] Those who want to live their devotion to Our Lady of Mt. Carmel to the full must follow Mary into the depths of her interior life.
Carmel is the symbol of the contemplative life, the life wholly dedicated to the quest for God, wholly orientated towards intimacy with God; and the one who has best realized this highest of ideals is Our Lady herself, 'Queen and Splendor of Carmel'."

Church Teaching

A 1996 doctrinal statement approved by the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments states that "Devotion to Our Lady of Mount Carmel is bound to the history and spiritual values of the Order of the Brothers of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Mount Carmel and is expressed through the scapular. Thus, whoever receives the scapular becomes a member of the order and pledges him/herself to live according to its spirituality in accordance with the characteristics of his/her state in life."

According to the ways in which the Church has intervened at various times to clarify the meaning and privileges of the Brown Scapular: "The scapular is a Marian habit or garment. It is both a sign and pledge. A sign of belonging to Mary; a pledge of her motherly protection, not only in this life but after death. As a sign, it is a conventional sign signifying three elements strictly joined: first, belonging to a religious family particularly devoted to Mary, especially dear to Mary, the Carmelite Order; second, consecration to Mary, devotion to and trust in her Immaculate Heart; third an incitement to become like Mary by imitating her virtues, above all her humility, chastity, and spirit of prayer."

Our Lady of Mount Carmel and Purgatory

Our Lady of Mount Carmel has been related with Purgatory from centuries ago. In some cases, she is showed accompanied with angels and souls wearing Brown Scapulars, who plead for her mediation. In 1613, the Church forbade such images to be made, due to erroneous doctrine being preached about Scapular privileges ("the Sabbatine Privilege").

That privilege appears in mentioned Decree of the Holy Office (1613), and later was inserted in its entirety (except for the words forbidding the painting of the pictures) into the list of the indulgences and privileges of the Confraternity of the Scapular of Mount Carmel. Today, the Carmelite Orders, while encouraging a belief in Mary's general aid and prayerful assistance for their souls beyond death and commending devotion to Mary especially on Saturdays which are dedicated to her, explicitly state in their official catechetical materials that they do not promulgate the Sabbatine privilege, and are at one with official Church teaching on the matter.

Prayer to Our Lady of Mount Carmel

O most beautiful Flower of Mt. Carmel, Fruitful Vine, Splendour of Heaven, Blessed Mother of the Son of God, Immaculate Virgin, assist me in this my necessity.

O Star of the Sea, help me and show me herein you are my Mother.

O Holy Mary, Mother of God, Queen of Heaven and Earth, I humbly beseech you from the bottom of my heart, to succour me in this necessity; there are none that can withstand your power.

O show me herein that you are my Mother.

O Mary, conceived without sin, pray for us that recourse to thee (3 times).
Holy Mary, I place this prayer in your hands. (3 times)

Amen